Your kidneys perform many important functions. If they fail, a kidney transplant places a healthy kidney in your body to assume the functions of your failed kidneys. Renal failure occurs when the kidneys are unable to perform their many functions. The kidneys filter the blood to separate out and eliminate waste products. Fluids and electrolytes are exchanged and reabsorbed. Blood pressure is regulated and the production of red blood cells is promoted. There are many causes of kidney failure including high blood pressure, diabetes, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, urinary tract disorders and more. When kidney disease progresses to renal failure, dialysis or a transplant is necessary. A kidney transplant assumes the functions of your failed kidneys so that you will no longer need dialysis and improves your quality of life. Kidney transplantation is a form of renal replacement therapy which requires continued follow up; this is because the immunosuppressive medications that must be taken after a transplant need constant monitoring. Patients must also be evaluated for the possibility of rejection, infection, and other conditions that may occur as a result of the transplant.
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