Updated April 16, 2020
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According to the CDC, patients with the coronavirus have reportedly had mild to severe respiratory illness. Symptoms can include:
- Shortness of breath
Symptoms may appear two to 14 days after exposure.
- People are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest).
- Some spread might be possible before people show symptoms; there have been reports of this occurring with this new coronavirus, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.
It may be possible that a person can get the coronavirus by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.
There is no vaccine or approved anti-viral medications for treatment. To prevent the spread of this and any other infection, it is important to follow healthy habits, which include:
- Frequent hand washing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating and after coughing or sneezing. Alcohol-based hand cleaners with at least 60 percent alcohol are also effective if soap and water are not available.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing; then throw the tissue in the trash. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow or shoulder, not into your hands.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Stay home if you are sick, except to go to a healthcare provider's office.
- Try to avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Drink plenty of clear fluids (such as water, sports drinks and electrolyte beverages for infants) to keep from becoming dehydrated.
- Frequently clean your living quarters.
- Get a flu vaccine. Learn more about vaccination options in your area.
The CDC recommends the use of simple cloth face coverings (covering the mouth and nose) to slow the spread of the coronavirus. This will also help those who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others. These face coverings can be created from household items or common low-cost materials.
The cloth face coverings recommended are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators. Those items are critical supplies that must continue to be reserved for healthcare workers and other medical first responders, as recommended by current CDC guidance.
Additionally, New York State Governor Andrew M. Cuomo has issued an Executive Order, effective April 17, requiring all people in New York to wear a mask or a face covering when out in public and in situations where social distancing cannot be maintained, such as on public transportation.
Stony Brook is at the forefront of the response to the coronavirus, and we are actively identifying and repurposing space within Stony Brook University Hospital to safely care for patients suspected of having (PUI) and confirmed with coronavirus.
Stony Brook continues to evaluate the testing protocols based on the evolving New York State Department of Health recommended guidelines. At this current time, we are prioritizing our testing to include hospitalized patients with severe lower respiratory tract illness, patients who are admitted through the Emergency Department and clinical staff with signs and symptoms of coronavirus.
While there is still much to be learned about the coronavirus, there is a fair amount of misinformation circulating about the virus. The World Health Organization has dispelled several myths related to the virus by answering questions that include:
- Are hand dryers effective in killing the new coronavirus?
- Is it safe to receive a letter or a package from China?
- Can pets at home spread the new coronavirus?
- Do vaccines against pneumonia protect you against the new coronavirus?
- Can eating garlic help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?