Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's use of insulin. Insulin tells the body to remove sugar from the blood. People with diabetes either don't make enough insulin, can't use their own insulin as well as they should, or both.
Hypertension (High blood pressure) is a common and dangerous condition. Having high blood pressure means the pressure of the blood in your blood vessels is higher than it should be. But you can take steps to control your blood pressure and lower your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Hyperlipidemia is a family of disorders that are characterized by abnormally high levels of lipids (fats) in the blood. While fats play a vital role in the body’s metabolic processes, high blood levels of fats increase the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD).
Coronary Artery Disease: The most common type of heart disease in which plaque (fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances) builds up inside the coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart.
CHF: The inability of the heart to supply sufficient blood flow to meet the needs of the body.
Obesity is a complex disorder involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn't just a cosmetic concern. It increases your risk of diseases and health problems such as heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure.
Hypothyroidism/Thyroid Dysfunction (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain important hormones.
Depression/Anxiety: Depression and anxiety are different conditions, but they commonly occur together. They also have similar treatments. Feeling down or having the blues now and then is normal. And everyone feels anxious from time to time — it's a normal response to stressful situations. But severe or ongoing feelings of anxiety and depression can be a sign of an underlying mental health disorder. Anxiety may occur as a symptom of clinical (major) depression. It's also common to have depression that's triggered by an anxiety disorder, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder or separation anxiety disorder. Many people have a diagnosis of both an anxiety disorder and clinical depression. Symptoms of both conditions usually improve with psychological counseling (psychotherapy), medications, such as antidepressants, or a combination of the two. Lifestyle changes, such as improving sleep habits, using stress-reduction techniques or getting regular exercise, also may help. If you have either condition, avoid alcohol and illegal drugs. They can make both conditions worse.
Atrial Fibrillation (AF or A-fib) is a quivering or irregular heartbeat that can lead to stroke and other heart-related complications.
Metabolic Syndrome is a cluster of conditions — increased blood pressure, a high blood sugar level, excess body fat around the waist and abnormal cholesterol levels — that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
HIV is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body's ability to fight the organisms that cause disease.
Viral Hepatitis is an infection that affects the liver. There are at least six different types of hepatitis (A-G), with the three most common types being hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Hepatitis A is an acute infection and people usually improve without treatment. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C can cause a chronic, persistent infection, which can lead to chronic liver disease. There is a vaccine to prevent hepatitis A and B, however there is not one for hepatitis C.
Lyme Disease is the most common tick-borne illness in North America and Europe. Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Deer ticks, which feed on the blood of animals and humans, can harbor the bacteria and spread it when feeding.
Babesiosis is a rare, severe and sometimes fatal tick-borne disease caused by various types of Babesia, a microscopic parasite that infects red blood cells. In New York state, the causative parasite is Babesia microti.
Other Tick Borne Infections: A single tick bite can transmit other diseases besides Lyme, often referred to as co-infections.
Tobacco Addiction and Smoking Cessation: Tobacco use can lead to tobacco/nicotine dependence and serious health problems. Quitting smoking greatly reduces the risk of developing smoking-related diseases.
Stony Brook Medicine 101 Nicolls Road Stony Brook, NY 11794